Redirect website using .htaccess

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Sometimes we have to redirect the website from one url to another OR from one folder inside the website to another folder of different website.
Then you have to create a .htaccess file inside that folder or website. If that already exists then just place the below code otherwise create a .htaccess file within that folder
or in root of the website.
Windows doesnot let you create .htaccess file directly. To Create a .htaccess file in windows use following way :

1. Create a new empty text file.
2. Open that file . Go to file >> Save As
3. Save the file as .htaccess .

Now place the following code in htaccess file :

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^http :// example.com/directoryname$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http :// example.com/directoryname/index.html/$1 [R,L]

Now upload this file to the server .